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Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR)

Basic User А1 You can understand and use familiar everyday expressions and very basic phrases aimed at the satisfaction of needs of a concrete type. You can introduce yourself and other people and can ask and answer questions about personal details such as where you live, people you know and what you are interested in. You can communicate in a simple way providing the other person speaks slowly and clearly and is ready to help.
  А2 You can understand sentences and frequently used expressions related to very basic personal and family information, shopping, local geography, employment. You can communicate in simple and routine tasks requiring a simple and direct exchange of information on familiar and routine matters. You can also describe in simple ways your background, immediate environment and matters of immediate need.
Independent User В1 You can understand the main points of clear standard input on familiar matters regularly encountered in work, school, leisure, etc. You can deal with most situations likely to arise while travelling in an area where the language is spoken. You can produce simple connected text on topics which are familiar or of personal interest. You can also describe experiences and events, dreams, hopes and ambitions and briefly give reasons and explanations for opinions and plans.
  В2 You can understand the main ideas of a complex text on either concrete or abstract topics, including technical discussions in your field of specialisation. You can interact with a degree of fluency and spontaneity that makes regular interaction with native speakers quite possible without strain for either party. You can produce clear, detailed text on a wide range of subjects and explain a viewpoint on a topical issue giving the advantages and disadvantages of various options.
Proficient User С1 You can understand a wide range of demanding, longer texts, and recognise implicit meaning. You can express yourself fluently and spontaneously without much obvious searching for expressions. You can use language flexibly and effectively for social, academic and professional purposes. You can also produce clear, well-structured, detailed text on complex subjects, showing controlled use of organisational patterns, connectors and cohesive devices.
  С2 You can understand with ease virtually everything heard or read. You can summarise information from different spoken and written sources, reconstructing arguments and accounts in a coherent presentation. You can express yourself spontaneously, very fluently and precisely, differentiating finer shades of meaning even in more complex situations.